Top 5 commodities imported to India

Updated: 19-Oct-2022
Top 5 commodities imported to India

In today's global economy, consumers are likely to purchase products or goods from every corner of the world to grow their businesses and earn more revenue. For this, importing the goods is very crucial, as imports enable consumers to manage their strained household budget and showcase the products worldwide. Also, it is considered that a country's importing and exporting activity can influence its GDP, its exchange rate, and its level of inflation and interest rates. In this article, we will cover the top five commodities imported to India in brief.

Know About Indian Imports

An import is an acquiring country in export from the sending country. Importation and exportation are the descriptive financial transactions of international trade. In global trade, the importation and exportation of goods are defined by import percentages and mandates from the customs authority. An import of a good occurs when there is a shift of ownership from a non-resident to a resident; this does not necessarily imply that the good in question physically crosses the frontier.
According to the Import Export Data, Imports to India increased 5.4 percent from a year earlier to USD 59.35 billion in September of 2022 due to higher commodity prices. Still, it is the lowest range in seven months. India imported $388.92 billion in goods and services in 2020–21, a decrease of 18. % from $474.71 billion in 2019–20. In the preceding fiscal year, Indian exports came to $290.18 billion, a 7.4% decrease from $313.36 billion in 2019–20. As these figures from the previous two years show, imports have always exceeded exports in India's foreign trade. The significant economic disruptions brought on by Covid-19 in 2020 did not alter this fact.
The primary goal of the Indian government's Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (Self-Reliant India Mission) is to boost indigenous production and lessen reliance on imports. However, as the government acknowledges in the Economic Survey, it is harder said than done to lessen India's reliance on imports, particularly as the procedures for imports are ironically far better than those for exports.

 Top 5 Commodities Imported to India

There is an expansive range of items that has been included in India's import data. India has traditionally been the first country in line to import products from many different nations, including petroleum, pharmaceuticals, and other items. It has been noted that the nation's trading relations with far-off nations like China, the United States, Britain, and others appear to have strengthened during the past few decades. Let's know the top five commodities imported to India in brief.

  • Petroleum crude

 India’s major import in 2020-21 was crude petroleum. India is the commodity’s third-largest importer. For 84 percent of its energy demands, it depends on crude imports. Iraq was India’s major crude oil supplier in February, followed by the United States, Nigeria, and Saudi Arabia. Traditionally, India has received a large quantity of its crude oil from the Organisation of Petroleum. The demand for imported crude in India is only expected to grow. According to the International Energy Agency, demand will increase to 6 million barrels per day by 2024, up from 4.4 million barrels per day in 2017, representing an annual expansion rate of 3.9 percent, far higher than the global average of 1.2 percent.

  • Unmounted diamonds

NDMC Panna is the only diamond mine in India. According to International Trade data, India is the most extensive importer of Diamonds, with a total worth of over 23 billion USD. Also, it relies on the United Kingdom, the United States, Japan, and Thailand for non-traditional diamond imports. 

  • Electronic components

Electronic components, consumer electronics, industrial electronics, and office and telecom equipment account for an enormous portion of India’s electronic imports. In 2019-20, India’s aggregate import cost for electronic components was INR1.15 lakh crore. Given domestic manufacturing problems, it fell short of banning electronic component imports. It did, however, suggest peeking into further markets and lessening dependence on China. Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan, and the United States, according to the World Trade Centre in Mumbai, might be successful members of electronic elements.

  • Solid Fuels like Coal

In order to increase its steel industry, it was claimed in 2018 that India has abundant supplies of coal and solid fuels. India's coal reserves as of 2019 total 3, 19, 020 million tonnes. The country produces very little domestic coal, therefore its reserves are nowhere in the top 80 in the world.

  • Organic compounds

Heterocyclic nitrogen compounds and antibiotics are considered as the most imported organic chemicals in India. Both of these raw ingredients are important in the pharmaceutical business. The country’s supply is virtually completely reliant on China. Despite these worries, China’s organic chemical imports have remained regular for the previous three years, owing to the fact that Chinese imports are the most affordable in the world. It would be less cost-effective to trade entirely to different suppliers, such as Saudi Arabia, Switzerland, Ireland, and Belgium.

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