How to export agricultural products from India?

Updated: 27-Apr-2023
How to export agricultural products from India?

India's agricultural tradition and diversified geographical environment have significantly increased the amount of food available to people around the world. The great quality of Indian curries, spices, munchies, and mangoes is well known throughout the world. Consequently, exporting agricultural goods from India is a very lucrative industry. If you are thinking to export agricultural products from India, there are several procedures to follow during the process. In this blog, we will discuss the export procedures and their significance in India.

What is agriculture export?

As we know, the main source of income in India comes from the agricultural sector. One of the world's top producers of agricultural and food goods in the nation. The major exports of India's agriculture industry combine agri and associated products, marine products, plantation products, and textile and allied products. Exports of agricultural and related goods reached US$ 37.3 billion, an increase of 17% from 2020 to 2021.

However, India's agriculture industry growth rate was predicted to be 3.9% in 2021–2022 as opposed to 3.6% the year before. There are various crops and food grains are increased throughout the nation, covering rice, wheat, pulses, oilseeds, coffee, jute, sugarcane, tea, tobacco, groundnuts, dairy products, fruits, and more.

Over 50% of Indians rely primarily on agriculture as a source of income, contributing about 15% of the country's GDP. The following are some benefits of Indian agriculture.

  • The largest producer of bananas, jackfruits, cashews, milk, tea, legumes, spices, and other foods in the world.
  • The second-largest producer of oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, wheat, rice, fruits, and vegetables
  • Agrochemicals are produced in fourth place.
  • The world's largest livestock population is approximately 535.8 million (31%) animals.
  • the largest area of land irrigated
  • Top five global net exporters

Which agriculture is the highest export from India?

Rice and sugar have been the two main factors in the expansion of India's agricultural exports. Also, India exported about 21.21 million tonnes (mt) of rice worth $9.66 billion. This included 3.95 mt ($3.54 billion) of basmati rice and 17.26 mt ($6.12 billion) of non-basmati rice.

In the first eight months (April through November) of the current fiscal year 2022–23, India's exports of agricultural and processed food goods increased by 16% on an annual basis.

According to the most recent export data for agriculture products made available by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, agricultural exports have succeeded in reaching 74% of their yearly export goal.

Additionally, a $23.56 billion export goal for the basket of agricultural and processed food products has been set for the years 2022-2023. The total export of agricultural and processed food goods grew to $17.43 billion from $15.07 billion during the same time of the previous fiscal, according to preliminary figures.

Which crop is largely exported from India?

In the second quarter of the current fiscal year, exports of wheat increased by 136%. From April to September 2022, wheat exports increased to USD 1487 million from USD 630 million. The aggregative export of goods from the APEDA has increased from USD 11056 million in April to September 2022 to USD 13771 million according to India agriculture export data.

Within six months of the current fiscal year, the government has achieved 58% of its entire export target for 2022–2023 thanks to the Ministry of Commerce and Industry's activities through APEDA.

However, APEDA set USD 23.56 billion export goals for the agricultural and processed food product basket for the 2022–2023 fiscal year, and USD 13.77 billion in exports have already been made during the first half of this fiscal year.

Export Destinations for Agriculture Products

The USA, Bangladesh, China, UAE, Indonesia, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Nepal, and Malaysia are the top importers of Indian agricultural products. The other importers include the UK, Italy, Korea, and Japan. The USA was India's largest agricultural product importer in 2021–2022 with a share of US$ 5.7 billion and 11.5% of the total exports according to export import data. At US$ 3.8 billion, Bangladesh is the largest importer of agricultural and related products, followed by the UAE at US$ 2.3 billion. India's maritime products are primarily imported by the USA and China.

Thirteen Agri-Cells have been established by the government in Indian embassies in Vietnam, the United States, Bangladesh, Nepal, the UAE, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, China, Japan, and Argentina to provide real-time inputs to improve Indian exports to these countries by fostering trade, tourism, technology, and investment objectives.

How to export agricultural products from India

There are several steps to export agricultural products from India. Firstly, we discuss the documents for exporting agricultural products.

Documents required for exporting the agricultural products

The APEDA Registration Process Requires the Following Documents.

  • Completed and properly signed application for APEDA registration.
  • Directorate General of Foreign Trade's Import-Export Code.
  • Authenticated bank certificate that has been signed by the appropriate parties.
  • The bank account for the company's last two months' worth of account statements.
  • Canceled Check

Exporting agricultural products from India involves several steps and procedures, which can vary depending on the specific products being exported and the country of import. However, here are some processes that can be followed:

  • Obtain the necessary licenses and permits: Before exporting any agricultural products from India, you need to obtain the required licenses and permits from the relevant authorities. This may include an Import Export Code (IEC) issued by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) and other specific permits required for the products being exported such as export import data for agriculture products. 
  • Identify the target market: Research the target market for the agricultural products you intend to export. This involves identifying the demand, pricing, and competition in the target market.
  • Packaging and labeling: Ensure that the products are properly packaged and labelled to meet the requirements of the target market. The labeling should comply with the local laws and regulations of the importing country, and the packaging should be suitable for the transportation of the products.
  • Choose a mode of transport: Choose a mode of transportation for the products. Air freight is typically the fastest, but it can be more expensive than sea or land transportation. Ensure that the transportation method is appropriate for the products being exported.
  • Obtain HS Code- 8432: There is a need for HS Code-8432 for agriculture products to gain about the export import statistics and updated market insights.
  • Obtain necessary certifications: Ensure that the agricultural products you are exporting meet the quality standards and requirements of the target market. Obtain any necessary certifications or testing reports to demonstrate compliance with the relevant regulations.
  • Arrange for export documentation: Prepare and arrange for export documentation, including bills of lading, customs declarations, and other relevant paperwork.
  • Customs clearance: Ensure that the agricultural products pass through customs smoothly. You may require to hire a customs broker or freight forwarder to help with this process.

Overall, the export process for agricultural products from India can be complex, and it is recommended to seek guidance from experts or organizations specializing in export assistance. has the best export import data dashboard for traders to analyze in the global trade market.

Opportunities for the Export of Products in India

The complete list of goods you can pursue after obtaining APEDA registration for your export company is listed below. These goods are offered in India and are in high demand all over the world. However, by conducting adequate market research, you can also concentrate on the other APEDA-scheduled products.

  • Fruits, vegetables, and items made from them
  • Meat, meat products, and honey
  • Birds and bird goods
  • Sugar and jaggery.
  • Guar Gum
  • beverages, both alcoholic and non-alcoholic
  • Medicinal and herbal plants
  • Dairy manufactures cereal and items made from cereal.
  • Goods made with cocoa

All the exporters must have to obtain APEDA Registration before carrying out Export business. It is mandatory to apply for the application form within one month of starting the trade. Also, the traders need to obtain the most updated agriculture export import data from reputed companies like

How to obtain Agriculture Export Data?

Simply, you need to visit EximPedia data-driven dashboard to analyze the global agriculture export data. EximPedia is an Import Export Data Provider firm that provides trustworthy, up-to-date, and authentic international trade data, India agriculture Export Data for more than 100+ nations. We also provide Indonesia custom data, Indian import data, and Indian export data, among other things. So, if you're looking for global trade data, take a look at EximPedia's best data-driven dashboard. Connect us today to book a free live demo!


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